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Free Book Excerpt: Introduction to Reconciling SAP COPA to the General Ledger


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You may wonder why I am writing a book on such a specific topic. I initially had similar thoughts myself and wondered if the topic of CO-PA and general ledger reconciliation necessitated a whole book. However, I have found that this topic comes up time and time again with my clients and believe that it is important to provide information in a detailed manner to help businesses effectively deal with the reconciliation of CO-PA to the general ledger.

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Tips on how to reconcile costing based CO-PA and GL

ElitzaWhy should we worry about reconciling costing based Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) to the GL? After all, GL is the book of record from an external reporting stand point. However, CO-PA has several advantages that the GL does not provide. For example, CO-PA can give us details on revenue and cost of sales (COS) split by sales order, product line, customer, etc. as opposed to the GL, which gives us only total revenue and total COS. CO-PA allows us to drill down to the details of a company’s profitability – customer, product line, which can be especially useful when forecasting future sales/COS. Therefore, CO-PA is an important financial tool; however for it to be accurate, we need procedures to reconcile or explain differences between CO-PA and the GL. 

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Most Common SAP Controlling Pitfall: Inability to Automatically Reconcile the SAP CO-PA Module with the SAP General Ledger

Paul Ovigele

Our blog series on the most common SAP Controlling pitfalls and how to avoid them continues this week. SAP Controlling 2013 speaker Paul Ovigele discusses the most common pitfall is from his perspective.

The Controlling Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) module has been around about 15 years, and its original purpose was to enable businesses to produce market segment profitability reports predominantly based on sales data. It is particularly useful to users in the Finance and sales departments as it allows you to perform profitability analysis according to several dimensions (customer, product, country, salesperson etc.) and its real-time functionality aids quick and effective decision making. However, one pitfall of the Controlling module is the inability to automatically reconcile the CO-PA module with the General Ledger.

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